Fear of Crime: A Problem Oriented Solution

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Joseph Dule, University of New Haven

Since the late 1960’s, fear of crime has become one of the most heavily politicized issues in American society.  Research consistently shows that personal fear of crime is associated with increased levels of anxiety, withdrawal from social activities, decline in social integration, and changes to daily personal behaviors (Zhao, Lawton, & Longmire, 2015).  Consequently, cities have become increasingly proactive in trying to improve their attractiveness, livability, and overall vitality.  Reducing fear of crime has become an integral part of this strategy, as it is believed that the creation of safe and enjoyable city centers and downtown areas will also attract more visitors and boost consumer spending (Brands, Schwanen, & Aalst, 2013). 

What remains widely undisputed is that high fear of crime in society is not healthy, and generates negative personal and neighborhood consequences. What remains less clear, however, is an understanding of which policies actually reduce fear of crime, have no impact, or make the problem worse.  The most common governmental approach to reduce fear of crime has been to increase surveillance and policing efforts (Brands, Schwanen, & Aalst, 2013).  This paper will attempt to elucidate the impact policing measures have on fear of crime, as well as some of their more general crime reduction benefits.

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Inmate Furlough and Beyond—A Question of Punishment or Rehabilitation

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Mengbei Wang, University of New Haven

In recent years, prison overcrowding has become a highly visible issue in the field of criminal justice.  Although the costs of imprisoning offenders are high, the majority view in American society is that greater incarceration protects the public.  In reality, however, most criminals cannot be locked up in prison forever.  Every year, a large number of individuals finish serving their time and are released to the community; more than half of these released prisoners return to prison (Alahdadi, 2016).  Inmates experience difficulties in re-entering the community and are more likely to engage in criminal activities, resulting in a return to prison.  All of these problems (prison overcrowding, failures of the prison system, and the associated high costs) result in a great interest in finding alternatives to incarceration.  Policymakers, therefore, realize they should pay greater attention to a wide range of remedies by which to reduce crime, instead of relying exclusively on incarceration. 

Temporary release for prisoners has become one of the pathways to eventual prisoner reintegration and is becoming more popular in the political arena.  The provision of prisoner “furloughs” consists of an authorized temporary release from prison, allowing incarcerated individuals to readjust gradually to life on the outside.  Empirical studies on prison furlough programs initially yielded positive results (Jeffery & Woolpert, 1974; LeClair, 1978; LeClair & Guarino-Ghezzi, 1991; Turner & Petersilia, 1996; Visher &Travis, 2003; Cheliotis, 2008; Cheliotis, 2009, Bales et al., 2015).  Furlough programs have both advantages and disadvantages, however.  After the Willie Horton incident in 1988, such studies and programs faded away.  This paper discusses the pros and cons of furlough programs, comparing and contrasting them to similar programs in China.  The aim is to make policy recommendations that attract policymakers’ attention and to realize a successful future for furlough programs.

Read more: Inmate Furlough and Beyond—A Question of Punishment or Rehabilitation

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The EBP Quarterly - 2018 - Volume 3, Number 2

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    A Critique of Current Youth Drug Addiction Policy

    Timothy Daty, University of New Haven Substance abuse among adolescents is Read More
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Fear of Crime: A Problem Oriented Solution

Joseph Dule, University of New Haven Since Read More
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Editor: David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven

Publisher: Joyfields Institute

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3 New BJA Solicitations

Here are 3 solicitations from the DOJ that may interest you

  • Justice Accountability Initiative (JAI): Pilot Projects Using Data-driven Systems To Reduce Crime and Recidivism
    https://www.bja.gov/JAI18
    Applications Due: July 30, 2018
  • Justice Accountability Initiative: National Training and Technical Assistance to support pilot projects using data-driven systems to reduce crime and recidivism
    https://www.bja.gov/JAITTA18
    Applications Due: July 30, 2018
  • Supporting Innovation: Field-Initiated Programs to Improve Officer and Public Safety
    https://www.bja.gov/Field18
    Applications Due: July 30, 2018
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What does it mean to be evidence-based and how to become one

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This is a FREE Training Web Class. There Are No Costs, But Seats Are Very Limited. PICK YOUR DATE FROM BELOW OPTIONS

What You'll Learn...

  • Get clear on what it means to be evidence-based, and how you can become one,
  • You will learn to meet key requirement funders and stakeholders have that's likely to jeopardize your future funding streams if not addressed now, and
  • The approach YOU too can use to become evidence-based even if YOU don't have funding!

* This program is taught by David Myers, Professor and Ph.D Program Director, University Of New Haven. Dr. Myers also wrote the book, "Becoming An Evidence-Based Organization: Demonstrating Leadership & Organizational Growth", published by Joyfields Institute.

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JUNE 13 @ 4 PM - 

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JUNE 15 @ 2 PM - 

JUNE 15 @ 4 PM - 

Who Should Attend?

All management, leadership, coordinators of evidence-based initiatives, EB program managers, operations management teams and other personnel responsible for quality and performance management.

Other Details

Once you are registered, you will be sent details for accessing the webinar. In the event you are unable to attend the live event, you will be given access to view the recorded version following the live program

 

 
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SAMHSA Announces the Availability of Up to $23.4 Million for the Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Grant Program

Application Due Date: June 29, 2018

SAMHSA is accepting applications for the Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Grant Program totaling up to $23.4 million over the next 5 years. The purpose of this program is to improve outcomes for young children by developing, maintaining, or enhancing infant and early childhood mental health promotion, intervention, and treatment services. SAMHSA expects to fund up to 9 grantees with up to $500,000 per year for up to 5 years.

Get more details at >>

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Second Chance Act in Action: A Case Study of Evidence-Based Approaches and a Researcher-Practitioner Partnership

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  • David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven
  • Daniel R. Lee, PhD, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
  • Dennis M. Giever, PhD, New Mexico State University 

Introduction

This issue of EBP Quarterly presents a second-year implementation and evaluation report for the Somerset County Day Reporting Center. This report, and the corresponding appendices, present a case study of an SCA funded initiative that is utilizing various evidence-based approaches and evaluating process and behavioral outcomes through a researcher-practitioner partnership. This report illustrates many of the key findings uncovered in larger-scale SCA research, but also provides practical examples of program policies and procedures, strategic and action planning, organizational assessment, use of motivational interviewing, monitoring implementation, and assessing program performance. The importance of prior research findings, collaborative leadership, program fidelity, and data-driven decision-making also is presented in this report.

We hope you find this report and the corresponding documents useful as you consider the use of evidence-based approaches in your own agency. Links to the appendices follow below.

Read more: Second Chance Act in Action: A Case Study of Evidence-Based Approaches and a...

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The EBP Quarterly - 2018 - Volume 3, Number 1

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    Second Chance Act in Action: A Case Study of Evidence-Based Approaches and a Researcher-Practitioner Partnership

    David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven Daniel R. Lee, Read More
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Introduction

This issue of EBP Quarterly presents a second-year implementation and evaluation report for the Somerset County Day Reporting Center. This report, and the corresponding appendices, present a case study of an SCA funded initiative that is utilizing various evidence-based approaches and evaluating process and behavioral outcomes through a researcher-practitioner partnership. This report illustrates many of the key findings uncovered in larger-scale SCA research, but also provides practical examples of program policies and procedures, strategic and action planning, organizational assessment, use of motivational interviewing, monitoring implementation, and assessing program performance. The importance of prior research findings, collaborative leadership, program fidelity, and data-driven decision-making also is presented in this report.

We hope you find this report and the corresponding documents useful as you consider the use of evidence-based approaches in your own agency. 

Read the full report

Editor: David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven

Publisher: Joyfields Institute

View previous quarterlies

Submit articles

Photos from photographers on Unsplash

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Monthly for Evidence-Based Professionals

Welcome to this month's collection of relevant articles, resources, grants and upcoming events

Upcoming Event: "Evidence-Based "PATHWAYS" - SPRING 2018

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Evidence-Based Human,Social & Justice Services:

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Incorporating Surveys to Improve Police-Community Partnerships

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George M. Froggé, Austin Peay State University 

Abstract

In some cities, there is a strain on the relationships between the police and the communities they serve.  The use of effective communication is one key to improving police-community rapport.  These partnerships are the foundation for community policing. The implementation of police-community surveys are productive research tools for creating stronger partnerships. This paper will discuss several types of survey methods to improve police-community partnerships.

Read more: Incorporating Surveys to Improve Police-Community Partnerships

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