BJA releases PREA Data-Collection Activities, 2020

Just released: PREA Data-Collection Activities, 2020
This report, the tenth in a series that began in 2011, describes the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ data-collection and developmental activities during 2019 and 2020 to measure the incidence and prevalence of rape and sexual assault in correctional facilities. It discusses the following data collections:

  • National Survey of Youth in Custody
  • National Inmate Survey
  • Survey of Sexual Victimization.

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pdca20.pdf

 

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Transition Planning for Students with Autism and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Research

Jane Roitsch* and Annemarie L. Horn
Department of Communication Disorders & Special Education
Old Dominion University

*Corresponding author: Dr. Jane Roitsch, 200 Child Study Center, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA 23529-0136, [email protected]; phone: 757-683-4024

Receiving special education and/or related services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (hereafter IDEA) begins with a referral, and an extensive assessment process follows to determine eligibility and placement (Yell & Drasgow, 2007).  Once found eligible, IDEA requires reevaluation to occur on an annual basis, at minimum, and a triennial reevaluation must be conducted at least every three years.  Though there is some overlap, these evaluations (i.e., annual and triennial) serve different purposes.  The annual evaluation determines individual educational needs of the student, evaluates progress, and assesses whether adjustments to special education or related services are required for the student to meet his or her annual IEP goals.  The triennial reevaluation, on the other hand, “is to determine if a student is still eligible for services under IDEA” (Yell & Drasgow, 2007, p. 200).  After reviewing student data, the parents and team may agree to waive the triennial reevaluation, if it is determined that the student continues to have the disability and his or her educational needs are being met in the current placement. 

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Crime Analysis as Part of the Evidence-Based Policing Toolkit: Implementation, Integration, and Practical Use

Teresina G. Robbins
University of New Haven 

Crime analysis, a significant component of effective evidence-based policing strategies, is defined as “the qualitative and quantitative study of crime and law enforcement information in combination with socio-demographic and spatial factors to apprehend criminals, prevent crime, reduce disorder, and evaluate organizational procedures” (Boba, 2001, p. 9). In other words, crime analysts use data and context across time and geographic area to assist law enforcement agencies with problem-solving. Santos (2014) offers the anecdote that crime analysis is more of a diagnostic tool, akin to an MRI machine, rather than a direct cure for crime.

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Does Procedural Justice Training of Law Enforcement Officers “Work”?

Jill T. Ruggiero
University of New Haven 

In late 2014, 18-year-old Michael Brown of Ferguson, Missouri was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer.  The immediate response from the media, as well as former President Obama (who promptly directed then Attorney General Eric Holder to respond to Ferguson), was that the killing of Brown was unjustified and excessive because Brown was unarmed.   Whatever the factual circumstances were at the time, or were later learned to be, did not really matter.  It was the perceptions of what took place--compounded by historically poor police community and race relations--that were enough to reignite the flame.  The perceived unjustifiable killing of yet another young black male sparked national movements, intensified scrutiny on police use of force, and police-community relations, and strengthened calls for complete criminal justice system overhaul.  After Michael Brown’s death, several other high-profile officer involved shootings occurred, which served to further erode the already suffering police-community relations and trust in the system. 

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BIASED: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do

Jennifer Eberhardt (2019)
New York, United States: Viking Press, 340 pages, ISBN 9780735224933

Book Review by Paul Klee, University of New Haven

Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt uses her personal experiences as an African-American woman, who grew up in the United States, and her renowned expertise on racial bias to uncover and analyze how implicit bias perpetuates racial disparity in the United States criminal justice system and throughout society at-large. It is well-known that African-American citizens are over-represented in our criminal justice system. Dr. Eberhardt explains that the overrepresentation of African-American citizens is due to the implicit biases that plague the actions of police, courts, and corrections to automatically incriminate them based on unconscious biases, rather than procedural justice guaranteed by the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution. Generalizations about African-Americans have been shaped from ill-informed beliefs that society has about them, such as being good athletes, not doing well in school, being poor, dancing well, living in low-income neighborhoods, and the stereotype that African-Americans should be feared. Dr. Eberhardt breaks down implicit bias and demonstrates how it works within our criminal justice system to further incriminate African-Americans. 

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Your EBP Quarterly Is Here - Volume 5, Number 1

This issue of EBP Quarterly features 3 in-depth articles, and an insightful book review. Enjoy...

  • Transition Planning for Students with Autism and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Research
    • Jane Roitsch* and Annemarie L. Horn, Department of Communication Disorders & Special Education, Old Dominion University
  • Crime Analysis as Part of the Evidence-Based Policing Toolkit: Implementation, Integration, and Practical Use
    • Teresina G. Robbins, University of New Haven
  • Does Procedural Justice Training of Law Enforcement Officers “Work”?
    • Jill T. Ruggiero, University of New Haven
  • BIASED: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do
    • Jennifer Eberhardt (2019), New York, United States: Viking Press, 340 pages, ISBN 9780735224933
      Book Review by Paul Klee, University of New Haven
     
  READ IT HERE  
     
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Quarterly for Evidence-Based Professionals

The EBP Quarterly - 2020 - Volume 5, Number 1

EBP Quarterly

Transition Planning for Students with Autism and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Research

  • Jane Roitsch* and Annemarie L. Horn
    Department of Communication Disorders & Special Education
    Old Dominion University

Crime Analysis as Part of the Evidence-Based Policing Toolkit: Implementation, Integration, and Practical Use

  • Teresina G. Robbins
    University of New Haven

Does Procedural Justice Training of Law Enforcement Officers “Work”?

  • Jill T. Ruggiero
    University of New Haven

BIASED: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do

  • Jennifer Eberhardt (2019), New York, United States: Viking Press, 340 pages, ISBN 9780735224933
    Book Review by Paul Klee, University of New Haven

EBP Quarterly Editor: David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven

Publisher: Joyfields Institute

Previous Quarterlies  |  Submit Articles

Photos from photographers on Unsplash

Read more: Quarterly for Evidence-Based Professionals

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